Collaborative Thinking

In William Issacs book on the “Dialogue and the art of thinking together” he introduces the Four-Player System originally developed by David Kantor. This is a very important technique for supporting real collaborative thinking in teams.

In any productive group thinking dialogue all four of the following roles should be in play:

Mover
Without Movers there is no direction
Opposer
Without Opposers there is no correction
Follower
Without Followers there is no completion
Bystander
Without Bystanders there is no perspective

The roles do not all need to be in play at the same time but need to have been played before the thinking concludes.